kleinrond

The small-round cancel


The small-round cancel (kleinrond) was in use from 1877 to 1893.


A few main post offices used the small-round postmark on a trial basis from autumn 1877, and it was introduced generally from 1878. The main function of the small-round was as a datemark on envelopes, while stamps were cancelled by the number cancel. But on printed matter and postcards the small-round was to function as cancellation on stamps of lower denomination. Small-round cancels from 126 post offices are known, including the postal agencies of Singapore and Penang. The small-round postmark was discontinued in 1893 when the square circle cancel was introduced.

The earliest recorded small-round cancel, Batavia 28/9 1877. This was probably a trial use of the small-round because it is not otherwise known until Nov. 1877.

Wrappers franked by 2 cent stamps for printed matter rate. With one cent stamps added for re-direction to Singapore. The wrapper on the left was sent from Medan to Tandjong Balei and from here to Hotel de la Paix in Singapore. Small-round cancels used for printed matter.

Small-round used as datestamp on envelopes (not to cancel stamps)

The small-round postmarks of Palembang and Laboean Deli on Sumatra used as datemarks on standard registered mail to Europe. The numeralcancels used to obliterate the stamps as per regulation.

Small-round postmarks used as datestamps on correspondence from Salatiga 1892 and Meester Cornelis 1890. Showing the numeral cancel used to obliterate the stamps. The letter from Salatiga was cancelled by numeral 15 but the stationary was first cancelled by number 2 on transit in Semarang. 

Small-round cancellation used to cancel stamps

Postcard from Teloek Betoeng in South Sumatra, showing both stamp and stationary cancelled by the small-round cancel. This happened often on postcards, where the numeral cancel was often not used to cancel the stamp. 4/10 1891 sent to Leiden in the Netherlands

A very unusual usage of a postcard sent from Medan to Hamburg in 1885. The stamp was cancelled on transit in Deli northeast Sumatra while the postcard was cancelled in the Medan post office.

Small-round cancel of Poerworedjo 19.12 1886 on uprated registered postcard to a bookseller in Rotterdam. Boxed routing mark NED: INDIE VIA MARSEILLE. 


Rate: 7.5 cent for postcard to Europe with additional 10 cent for registration.